education policies of India.

 EDUCATION POLICIES BY THE GOVERNMENT.


 Which are the most recent education policies? Is this the first one? When was the first education policy implemented? There are certain questions asked by students regarding education policy.


 The most recent education policy was approved on the 29th of July 2020 by the government of Narendra Modi. This policy replaced the old policy known as NPE 1986. This is the first education policy by BJP.


Key proposals of the national education policy, 2020


 1. The nep proposes to change the school's academic structure from [10 +2] of schooling format to [5+3+3+4] format.

 2. The undergraduate [UG] degree structure will be available for 3 and 4 years duration. It now has multiple entries. 

3. The higher educational institutes now will have the option of offering a 1- year master's degree under the new nep 2020.

 4. Government to discontinue M. Philosophy [master in philosophy] program. 

5. There will be no hard separation between arts and science, between curriculum and extracurricular activities, between vocational and academic streams, etc. to eliminate harmful hierarchies among, and silos between different areas of learning. There were the most important and necessary changes made in this new educational policy. It's important that this is well implemented and the implementation has already begun and got a good response too.


 The first education policy.


 The first education policy came into existence in the year 1968, by the government of Indira Gandhi. This policy was based on the Kothari commission [1964-1965] This was famous for radical reconstructive and equal education opportunities. 

Features of education policy 1968. 

1. Free and compulsory education till the age of 14 years. 

2. Improvement in status, emoluments, and competence of the teachers. 

3. Three language formulas Hindi, Sanskrit, and international language especially English should be implemented.

 4. Equal education opportunities for all sections of society. 

5. Subjects like science and mathematics should be an integral part of general education. 

6. Agriculture and industry education.

 7. The quality of books should be improved. 

8. Adult education program.



 National education policy 1986.


This was the second education policy of India and was launched under the government of Rajiv Gandhi. This basically works on two major things removal of disputants and providing educational opportunities.


 Key resolutions of education policy 1986.


 1. Operation blackboard was launched by NPE in 1986 to expand primary education nationwide. That's why the NPE 1986 was known as the child-centered approach.

 2. Make provision for the employment of teachers from sc, st, and background. 

3. Expand scholarships to encourage pupils. 

4. Promote adult education as well as introduce open universities. [ IGNOU in 1985 ] 

5. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, mid-day meal scheme, Navodaya Vidyalaya [NVS] Kendriya Vidyalaya,[KVS] and use of information and technology in education started by the NPE 1986. 6. A national curriculum framework should be developed nationwide. 

7. It recommends strengthening the institution of national importance like UGC, NCERT, etc.


 National education policy 1992. 


This education is a modification of the old policy of 1986. This policy was implemented in 1992 by the government of P.V Narsimha Rao. It was based on the ram Murthi commission led by chairperson Sri. Janardhan Reddy.


 Important points of education policy 1992.


 1. To accept +2 level as part of school education.

 2. Greater emphasis was given to Samagra Shaksharta Abhiyan. 

3. Operation blackboard as three classrooms and three teachers and should implement in upper primary classes.

 4. This was also recognized as a common minimum program in 2005. 

5. Adding a common entrance exam for the professional and technical programs.


 Till now India had four education policies and all were unique in their own way. The credit for the education policy goes to the government of Indira Gandhi because she took the initiative and launched the first-ever education policy in India. However, every policy has many advantages, and hopes the students utilize them. Even Swami Vivekananda said “ education is the manifestation of perfection present already in man. Divinity is the manifestation of the religion already in the man.”


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