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UGC-Care for Predatory Publishing


Introduction
As a developing nation, India has made tremendous progress when it comes to industrialization but there are many important sectors that urgently need attainment. One of the major being the education sector among others. Last year, a group of elite media organizations including the New Yorker and the Indian Express took part in an investigation on fake journals. Shockingly, the study found that India is one of the biggest global hubs for predatory publishing. Lack of high-quality research and publication in journals has adversely affected India’s image globally. India has already been failing with no institution among the top 200 worldwide, in world university ranking, now falling to produce quality research paper is like adding fuel to the water. It leads to miss-representation of Indian researcher demeaning India’s image worldwide.

                                     source: Pexel

Fake publishing

Predatory publishing or deceptive publishing is an opportunistic publishing venue that involves charging publications fees to authors without checking articles for quality and legitimacy. It doesn’t even do fact-checking before publishing any paper and offers little reward for those using their services. It is aimed to misled authors by predatory practices
, predatory publishers have common characteristics:
  • Its foremost aim is to generate revenue which is more like a business.
  • It doesn’t pay heed on the quality of the work written or published. No peer-review is done.
  • It makes false claims of impact factors and indexing.
  • It doesn’t follow legitimate standards of scholarly publishing
Action being taken
Based on recommendations of the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and to cope with the alarming situation of a rise in Indian research contributions to fake journals, a University Grants Commission (UGC) has taken some stern measures to safeguard academic ethics and deter plagiarism. A public notice was introduced on 28th November 2018 regarding the setting up of a Consortium for Academic Research and Ethics (CARE) with an aim to filter and promote quality journals.
Responsibilities of CARE
·         It has a purpose to promote quality mandated by UGC by emphasizing excellence in research
·         Blocking of dubious substandard journals the has been continuously tarnishing the image of quality research publication. works and thus leads to long term academic damage.
·         Improving Indian standards to promote high-quality publications in reputed journals that would help in achieving higher global ranks.
·         To develop an approach and methodology for identification of good quality journals, academic evaluations.

CARE List of Quality Journals
CARE List comprises of journals recommended by Statutory Councils/ Government bodies in every genus like Social Sciences, Humanities, Arts and Fine Arts, Science.  These journals submitted by CARE will be analyzed by UGC Cell comprising four groups.
Group A: Research Journals in disciplines under Science and technology, and agriculture and farming e and Biomedical Sciences indexed in SCOPUS and/or Web of Science (WOS). No analysis or reviewing will be done by the UGC Cell for journals in this group.
Group B: Journals qualified after analysis as per the protocol from the existing UGC list.
Group C: Journals from humanities and languages are falling in this list by recommendation of CARE members.
Group D:  Journals submitted by CARE Universities. It has to qualify as per protocol.

Conclusion
By preparing a list of legitimate journals the University Grants Commission is trying its best to curb publishing of poor quality papers in fake journals. The process has been tedious and clumsy so far, as there are high volumes of publishing in fake journals but the agency is trying its best to curb predatory publishers.


P.S. Details are from different UGC website and  News Paper